Right To Education Act 2009 – With Children’s Day, celebrated not too long ago, we see that the plight of children has hardly changed. Thousands of children are still suffering from illiteracy, poor health, malnutrition. The Delhi Child Rights Protection Commission (DCPCR) and the Delhi Child Rights Club (DCRC) are aimless to eradicate the stigma faced by children, yet there are many who are unaware of its services. CM of Karnataka Jagdish Shettar spent time with the children of his hometown on the occasion of Children’s Day and hinted at the developments brought by them and even asked students to complain if there were cases of misuse of the RTE Act 2009.
Right To Education Act 2009
The Right to Education (RTE) Act, 2009 gives free and compulsory education to the children of backward classes of the economy. The Right to Education Act was first declared as the right to free and compulsory education for children, after which a famous litigation petition was filed for the commencement of free and compulsory primary education all over India for the Imperial Legislative Council of Gopal Krishna Gokhale. The Right to Education Act has made it mandatory for all government and private sector schools across the country to provide 25 percent reservation for children aged 6 to 14 belonging to the weaker sections of the country till free and compulsory education. India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child, when the Act finally came into force in April 2010. Also, Read – 10 Things About RTE Act 2009
A rough version of the draft was first drafted in the year 2005. This was met with much criticism, as a large percentage of reservation was made mandatory in all schools for illiterate children. However, the Central Advisory Board of Education, which was the founder of the draft, stood on the ground and justified the 25 percent reservation as a definite requirement to become a democratic and egalitarian society.
The Right to Education Act 2009 is a fundamental right that allows every child between 6 and 14 years of age to have access to free and fair education. All private and government schools are required to reserve 25 percent seats for the children of weaker sections of the society. The act also separates fake schools and donations and concessions have been withdrawn. The Act also states that no child will be expelled until after completion of elementary education, there will be a need to pass the board examination. There is also a special training of school drop-outs to bring them on par with students of the same age.
The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights is an autonomous body established with the commissions set up by the states to oversee the implementation of the Act. The body under consideration was formed in the year 2007.
Implementation and Grant
The Right to Education Act 2009 has clearly different responsibilities for the central, state and local bodies for its implementation. However, many states have been complaining about the lack of funds which is impossible to meet with the proper standard of education in schools required for universal education. Therefore, the center which is at the end of revenue will have to subsidize the states.
A committee constituted to study the need for funds for the implementation of the Act has raised about Rs. Estimated initial capital requirement. 171000 crores or 1.71 trillion over 5 years, and in April 2010 the Government of India agreed to share funds between the Center and the State in the ratio of 65 to 35 and for the North Eastern States in the ratio of 90 to 10. Later the principal amount was increased to Rs. 231000 crores and the Center agreed to increase its share to 68%. However, there is a lot of debate on this. Another important development in 2011 was to further the Act and implement it up to the preschool age limit, so the age limit would be increased from 14 years to now 16 years and cover up to class 10. However, this conversation is ongoing.
At the completion of one year, a report was released by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, which did not show happy numbers. The report assumes that 8.1 million children aged between 4 and 16 stayed out of school; there is a shortage of more than 508000 teachers across the country. And there were several major legal commitments that were running out of schedule. The Supreme Court of India also intervened to look into the proper implementation of the Right to Education Act in the North-Eastern states.
The Right to Education Act 2009 has met with much criticism such as being called a draft which was drafted in a hurry, except for children under the age limit of 6 years, the quality of education was not much consulted. A number of schemes were compared to the 90s Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and DPEP, which were criticized for being ineffective and corrupt. The Right to Education Act also excludes orphans, as a lot of documents are required at the time of admission, such as birth certificates, BPL certificates, and orphan children denied such documents are not eligible to apply.
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