1.) Quebec City
Quebec may turn into an independent country. Then again, it might not. For visitors to this state, it may not matter much, because it’s already a place very different from the rest of North America. Language, of course, is the most obvious distinction, but the most pleasurable one has to do with lifestyle.
There is a bon vivant temperament to Quebec that’s tough to discover in the English-speaking provinces of Canada. Quebecois has a tendency to spend hours talking, eating and drinking. In the restaurants and cafes, servers rarely rush you. As with their counterparts in France, the Quebecois take food seriously: You will eat well there. one joy of traveling in Quebec has little to do with culture or language: It’s simply a beautiful place.
The wide St. Lawrence River is the background for many of the state’s towns and cities, with hills rising to the north of the river. In fact, a tour throughout the St. Lawrence Valley alone will allow you to experience scenic islands, rugged fjords and bucolic countryside.
Remote wilderness can be found at the farther reaches of the vast state, Canada’s largest. In prior centuries, Quebec’s lands were used as hunting, trapping and fishing grounds for the Nipissing, Algonquin and Inuit individuals.
The Vikings could have visited Quebec about AD 1000, but the first documented European explorer to see the province was Jacques Cartier, who came in 1534. From the early 1600s, Samuel de Champlain and other French explorers started to establish a couple of trading posts and settlements, including one at the website of Quebec City. But it wasn’t until the late 1600s that French colonists began to settle the land in bigger numbers. Soon, Britain began to squeeze out the French of the Atlantic states. Many of the refugees ended up in what is currently Quebec, which makes the colony’s French personality grow even stronger. From the 1700s, France was losing its grip on its North American possessions entirely.
In the famous battle on the Plains of Abraham outside the fortress town of Quebec, Britain’s Gen. James Wolfe defeated French General. Louis de Montcalm. That victory helped to hasten the British conquest of Canada, which has been accomplished in 1763. It didn’t, but result from the conquest of Quebec’s French culture. The region grew powerful economically-its strategic location on the St. Lawrence Seaway between the Atlantic Ocean and the fantastic Lakes made it a vital center for trade and westward growth.
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As a result, Quebec had some leverage by which to retain its French culture and language as it joined the Canadian confederation in 1867. But over the past century, some groups in Quebec have called for increased autonomy, stirring debate, controversy and intermittent violence. The collapse in 1990 of the Meech Lake Accord, which would have changed more power from the federal government to the provinces and given Quebec fame as a”distinct society” was followed by the province’s 1995 referendum on secession from Canada. The referendum was defeated–but only barely–which suggests that the issue has not been put to rest.
Québec City is a charming and historical town with a distinctly European cachet. Narrow streets climb steeply down into the Lower Town and restaurants are tucked into homes dating from the 18th and 19th centuries.
Now, Québec’s old storied town of citadel, rock walls and ramparts is the only fortified city north of Mexico, and also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Go to the intriguing Musée du Québec. Situated on the historic Plains of Abraham, it includes an extensive group of Québec art from the first years to the modern day.
The highlight of this winter season is the Québec City Winter Carnival. And just 30 minutes away, you’ll find Mont-Sainte-Anne, Canada’s largest cross-country ski center. In summer, you will find golf courses, as well as mountain biking and climbing, sailing, and horseback riding.
Forillon National Park – Forillon National Park covers 244 square kilometers at the farthest reach of imperial Gaspé Peninsula.
Funicular at Québec – See the historic old Québec, via the unique Funicular in Québec.
Gatineau Park – Gatineau Park, located in the midst of the rolling Gatineau Hills on Québec’s western boundary, is an oasis of gorgeous natural beauty.
2.) Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia has all the ideal ingredients for a memorable seacoast holiday and is readily accessible by air from all points in Europe. Nova Scotia offers 7,400 kilometers of seacoast boasting experiences and activities to suit every taste. With ten distinct scenic travelways, Nova Scotia provides visitors a chance to experience each aspect of the province’s unique charm. Memories await you around every corner.
Tour the breathtaking Cabot Trail as it weaves through the glorious Cape Breton Highlands and slopes round rocky cliffs and rocky coastline. It is one of the world’s most scenic drives.
Along the Lighthouse Route, follow the seacoast through historic cities and weathered fishing villages such as Peggy’s Cove and Lunenburg, home of the world famous racing schooner Bluenose. The extraordinary preservation of Lunenburg made it the designation of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Nova Scotia is famous for its best living history in Canada. Together Nova Scotia’s Bay of Fundy, experience one of the marine wonders of this planet – the world’s highest tides. Walk on the seafloor as 100 billion tonnes of water rush from this basin backwards or experience the thrill of whitewater rafting on the surge wave, or tidal bore.
Over 800 festivals and events capture the delight of Nova Scotia’s marine and cultural conventions year round. Love the unique charm and hospitality Nova Scotia offers – a clean, safe place to visit with a diverse cultural life and abundant all-natural beauty Lunenburg is an active vent community on Nova Scotia’s southeast shore. Originally established in 1753, Lunenburg has retained much of its original character and structure, thanks to the dedication of its inhabitants.
Lunenburg is the point where the world-famous schooner Bluenose II drops anchor. The ship is a replica of the original racing schooner Bluenose, which a lot of people would understand from the Canadian dime. The ship sails daily, and vacationers can book passage for regular two hour refuge sailings. The history of Lunenburg’s waterfront comes alive at the Fisheries Museum of the Atlantic, where people can learn, launch a model schooner and talk with “old salts” who have fished the Atlantic for ages.
Historical Sydney was founded in 1785 by Colonel DesBarres as a settlement for Loyalists from New York State, and later became a popular destination for immigrants in the Scottish Highlands. That Scottish flair can still be observed in Sydney’s citizens now, as it can all over scenic, friendly Cape Breton Island.
Sydney, known as the Steel City, is Nova Scotia’s third largest city, and was part of Canada’s industrial revolution. Today, the city is famous for its thriving arts community and as a gateway to Cape Breton’s stunning natural scenery. Sydney is the best place to start a hiking tour of the Cape Breton highlands or any among Nova Scotia’s heritage trails.
History buffs won’t want to miss St. Patrick’s Church, a very small stone building that is the oldest Catholic church on Cape Breton. The area’s Scottish tradition lives on in the four world-class golf courses that will leave avid duffers with plenty of tales for the 19th hole. See Sydney and find why Condé Nast Traveler has recognized Cape Breton as the world’s most scenic island.
Grand-Pré National Historic Site:- In Grand-Pré, get to understand the Acadians, Nova Scotia’s early French settlers.
Halifax Citadel National Historic Site:- The remarkable star-shaped construction of the Halifax Citadel overlooks the Halifax skyline.
Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site – Dating from the times when Cape Breton was still known as New France, Louisbourg has become an important seaport and military stronghold for centuries.