About RTE Act 2009 – In this post, 10 things will be told about the Right to Education Act 2009. We will discuss them one by one.
About RTE Act 2009
Compulsory and free education for all
In India, it is mandatory for the government to provide free and compulsory education to every child in a neighborhood school within 1 km up to class 8. No child is liable to pay fees or any other fees which may prevent him or her from completing elementary education. Free education also includes the provision of textbooks, uniforms, stationery items and special educational materials for children with disabilities to reduce the burden of school expenses. Also, Read – Right To Education Act 2009
In 2013, Oxfam India criticized the Stocktaking Report 2013 of the Right to Education (RTE) Forum, which assessed the three-year progress of the Right to Education Act since its enactment in 2009. At the primary level, considerable progress was made on aspects of enrollment rates. Starting new schools, appointing new teachers and ensuring safe drinking water and toilet facilities for children did not meet the overall delivery expectations. Oxfam India recommends five solutions to bridge the gaps and gaps in its policy to increase the implementation and effectiveness of the Right to Education Act 2009.
The Right to Education Act Pupil-Teacher-Ratio (number of children per teacher), classrooms, separate toilets for girls and boys, drinking water facilities, number of school-working days, norms and standards related to teachers’ working hours gives. Etc. Every primary school (primary school + middle school) in India has to follow these norms to maintain minimum standards set by the Right to Education Act.
Special provision for special cases
The Right to Education Act states that school children should be admitted to age-appropriate classes and special training should be provided to enable the child to reach age-appropriate learning levels.
Quantity and quality of teachers
The Right to Education Act provides for the rational deployment of teachers by ensuring that there is no urban-rural imbalance in each school so that the specified pupil-teacher-ratio is maintained. It employs appropriately trained teachers ie teachers with the requisite entry and educational qualifications.
In 2018, Oxfam India analyzed the nine-year progress of the Right to Education Act since its act in 2009. The comments highlighted a significant lack of allocation of resources for education in general and primary schools. This required satisfactory and immediate modifications to improve children’s overall learning outcomes. Oxfam India in its policy has recommended seven ways of addressing this problem.
Zero tolerance against discrimination and harassment
The Right to Education Act 2009 prohibits all forms of corporal punishment and mental harassment, discrimination on the basis of gender, caste, class and religion, admission fees for children, procedures for admission to private educational centers and functioning of non-accredited schools. is.
The Stocktaking Report 2014 of the Right to Education (RTE) Forum suggested that nationwide, less than 10 percent of schools comply with all the norms and standards of the Right to Education Act. While the enactment of the Right to Education Act 2009 gave impetus to significant reforms, concerns about privatization of education remain. Educational inequalities have formed a strong foundation in India for many years. While the Right to Education Act presents the first step towards an inclusive education system in India, there remains a challenge to effective implementation of the same. Oxfam India summarized its policy suggesting several ways to improve the implementation of the Right to Education Act 2009.
Ensuring all-round development of children
The Right to Education Act 2009 provides for the development of the curriculum, which will ensure the all-round development of every child. Build the child’s knowledge, human ability, and talent.
Oxfam India has been supporting the Samarth Foundation since 2013, in 24 schools in 19-gram panchayats in two blocks Kurara and Maudha in Hamirpur district. Together, they aimed to bring schools back (which is mandatory under the RTE Act) with the aim of engaging the community by creating a child-friendly environment in schools and strengthening school management committees. During this period, SMCs hired 45 new teachers; Some of them were awarded for their educational interventions.
Improve learning outcomes to reduce inhibition
The Right to Education Act states that no child can be brought back from school to class nor taken out of class 8. To improve the performance of children in schools, the Right to Education Act in 2009 introduced the Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) system to ensure grade-appropriate. Learning outcomes in schools. There is another reason why this system was introduced during their time in school to evaluate every aspect of the child so that gaps can be identified and worked on in time.
Right to Education Act is appropriate
The Right to Education Act is just and supported by a Grievance Redressal (GR) mechanism which allows people to take action if they do not comply with the provisions of the Right to Education Act 2009.
To ensure that all schools abide by this order, Oxfam India along with JOSH filed a complaint with the Central Information Commission (CIC) in 2011, under Section 4 of the Right to Information Act (RTI Act) 2005 got involved. Section 4 Active Disclosure Section of the RTI Act obligates all public authorities to share information with citizens about their functioning. Since the schools are public authorities, compliance with Section 4 was sought.
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